The traditional owners of the land and water are the Eora people of the Sydney area, south to the Georges River, north to the Hawkesbury River, and west to Parramatta. The indigenous people used this word to describe where they came from to the British. "Eora" was then used by the British to refer to those Aboriginal people. The Eora people are made up of separate family groups or clans.
The Cadigal clan lived to the south west of the Balmain peninsula, the Wanegal to the northwest, and the Cammeraygal on the present-day lower North Shore.
Radio carbon dating indicates that the Sydney region has been inhabited by indigenous Australians for at least 30,000 years.